Translator for HPLC HINTS and TIPS for Chromatographers

Thursday, October 25, 2012

HPLC Capillary Tubing Connection Volumes:

The length and internal diameter of the HPLC interconnecting tubing used in your system really does matter. The total volume contained in the tubing can dilute your sample or separated peaks. This can effectively undue the work of separating the peak(s) on a column. Extra volume in the tubing can also have the effect of increasing the gradient delay factor for your method (the greater the volume of the tubing from the pump head to the column inlet, the greater the delay in the solvent mixture arriving at the column). In general, keep the the total delay volume as low as possible. This is accomplished by connecting the various modules together using the shortest lengths of tubing possible. For systems which use standard sized HPLC columns (e.g. I.D.'s of 3.0 to 4.6mm and lengths from 100mm to 300mm) the tubing internal diameter should be 0.17mm (0.007"). For systems which use very short, mini or micro bore sized HPLC columns (e.g. I.D.'s of 1.0 to 2.1 mm and lengths from 50mm to 250mm) the tubing internal diameter should be 0.12mm (0.005"). Looked at another way, if the total column volume is less than 750 ul, consider using the smaller internal diameter tubing (0.17mm) to reduce band broadening. 

Here are some tubing volumes to help you evaluate the effect changing the I.D. or length has on the tubing that you use.



I.D. (mm)
I.D. (inches)

ul / cm
ul / inch
0.12
0.005

0.127
0.323
0.17
0.007

0.249
0.632
0.25
0.010

0.507
1.288
0.51
0.020

2.026
5.146
1.02
0.040

8.103
20.581


No comments:

Post a Comment